There are many ways to train and prune deciduous fruit trees, and no single method is right for all situations and needs. When selecting fruit trees, one important consideration is the desired size of the trees at maturity. Many people prefer small (dwarf and semi-dwarf) trees because they are easier to manage and harvest and because more trees can be grown in a limited space. Other people prefer full-sized trees because they provide more shade and more fruit per unit area.
OPEN CENTER SYSTEM
The open center system, or vase-shaped system, is most commonly used on almond, apricot, cherry, fig, nectarine, peach, plum and prune trees. Many pear, apple, and pistachio trees are also trained on this system. With this method, the center of the trees is kept free of large branches and vigorous upright shoots (suckers and waterspouts) in order to allow sunlight to reach the lower fruiting wood. (Fig 1)
Some varieties of grapes require spur pruning, and other varieties require cane pruning. Depending on your variety you may not be getting the maximum quality grapes you would like. For large delicious grapes, let us prune to your varieties specific needs. Call us today.
For a Free Estimate!
Because Fruit trees need specialized pruning and care, our Arborists know the right way to prune your fruit trees. Additionally we are educated in the most up-to-date information and research in pests, diseases and proper watering recommendations depending on your soil. We have a crew specially trained in fruit tree pruning and care that also includes grape vine pruning and espalier training.
Call us for a consultation and you will not be disappointed! We will give you more information that you can imagine on how to properly care for your fruit trees taking into account your location, soil, and surroundings. A consultation fee applies.
Free estimates for pruning and removals only.
CENTRAL LEADER SYSTEM
Central leader training is often used for apples and sometimes for pears, Asian pears, pecans and quince. These trees tend to have dominant central leaders, a characteristic that lends itself to the central leader training method. However, because many apple and pear varieties are susceptible to fire blight, open center or other multiple leader methods are often preferred so that if a major limb is lost, the tree can be more easily redeveloped. Central leader training involves keeping trees shaped somewhat like a Christmas tree, with lateral branches arranged in separate layers, or "tiers", separated by open areas of canopy and branches in lower tiers wither than those in upper ones. Instead of sunlight reaching lower fruiting branches through the center, as with the open center method, it reaches them from the sides and between the branches. See Fig 2